Year 2017

Cao, L.L. DuanG. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2017), Simultaneous stabilization of global temperature and precipitation through cocktail geoengineeringGeophys. Res. Lett.44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074281.

 

Cao L., and H. Zhang (2017), The role of biological rates in the simulated warming effect on oceanic CO2 uptake, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JG003756.

 

Cheng W., J. Moore., L. Cao., D. Ji., and L. Zhao. (2017),  Simulated climate effects of desert irrigation geoengineering. Scientific Reports,  7, 46443; doi: 10.1038/srep46443.

 

Year 2016

Cao L., M. Zheng, and K. Caldeira (2016), Simulated effect of deep-sea sedimentation and terrestrial weathering on projections of ocean acidifiation, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans., 121, doi: 10.1002/2015JC011364

Cao L., L. Duan, G. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2016), Simulated long-term climate response to idealized solar geoengineering, Geophys. Res. Lett.,43, doi:10.1002/2016GL068079

Zhang. H and L. Cao (2016),  Simulated effect of calcification feedback on atmospheric CO2 and ocean acidification, Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/srep20284

Modak A.,  G. Bala, L. Cao, and K. Caldeira (2016), Why must a solar forcing be large than a CO2 forcing to cause the same global mean surface temperature change?  Environmental Research Letters, 11, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044013

 

Year 2015

Cao, L., G. Bala, M. Zheng, and K. Caldeira (2015), Fast and slow climate responses to CO2 and solar forcing: A linear multivariate regression model characterizing transient climate change, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, doi:10.1002/2015JD023901.

Wolff, N. H., Donner, S. D., L., Cao,  Iglesias-Prieto, R., Sale, P. F. and Mumby, P. J. (2015), Global inequities between polluters and the polluted: climate change impacts on coral reefs. Glob Change Biol, 21: 3982–3994. doi:10.1111/gcb.13015

Cao. L., Chao-Chao Gao, Li-Yun Zhao (2015), Geoengineering: Basic science and ongoing research efforts in China, Advances in Climate Change Research, Available online 14 November 2015, ISSN 1674-9278,   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.accre.2015.11.002. 

Y. Tian, Y. P. Xu, M. J. Booij, L. Cao, (2015), Impact assessment of multiple uncertainty sources on high flows under climate change. Hydrology Research. doi:10.2166/nh.2015.008.

Year 2014

  Cao L., W. Shuangjing, Z. Meidi, Z. Han (2014),    Sensitivity of ocean acidification and oxygen to the uncertainty in climate change
Environmental Research Letters, 9(2014) 9 064005 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064005

Cao L., Z. Han, Z. Meidi, W. Shuangjing, (2014),  Response of ocean acidification to a gradual increase and decrease of atmospheric CO2,  Environmental Research Letters, 9(2014) 024012  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/2/024012

Year 2013 
 
Caldeira, K.,  G. Bala, and L. Cao (2013), The Science of Geoengineering, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences,  Vol. 41:231-256 (Volume publication date May 2013) DOI: 10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105548
 
Davis, S., L. Cao, K. Caldeira, and M Hoffert (2013),  Rethinking Wedges,  Environmental Research Letters, 8(2013) 01 1001 (8pp) doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/01 1001
 
Bala G., S. Krishna, D. Narayanappa, L. CaoK.  Caldeira  and R. Nemani (2013) An estimate of equilibrium sensitivity of global terrestrial carbon cycle using NCAR CCSM4, Clim. Dyn. 40, Issue 7-8, 1671-1686, doi 10.1007/s00382-012-1495-9
 
Wendy B. Foden, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Simon N. Stuart, Jean-Christophe Vie, H. Resit Akcakaya, Ariadne Angulo, Lyndon M. DeVantier, Alexander Gutsche, Emre Turak, L. Cao, Simon D. Donner, Vineet Katariya, Rodolphe Bernard, Robert A. Holland, Adrian F. Hughes, Susannah E. O’Hanlon, Stephen T. Garnett, Cagan H. S¸ ekercioglu, Georgina M. Mace21 (2013) Identifying the World's Most Climate Change Vulnerable Species: A Systematic Trait-Based Assessment of all Birds, Amphibians and Corals. PLoS ONE 8(6): e65427. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065427

 
Year 2012
 
Cao, L., G. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2012),  Climate response to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and solar irradiance on the time scale of days to weeks, Environmental Research Letters7 034015 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034015
 
Pongratz, J., D. B. Lobell, L. Cao and K. Caldeira (2012), Crop yields in a geoengineered climate, Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1373
 
 
Year 2011
 
Cao, L., G. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2011), Why is there a short-term increase in global precipitation in response to diminished CO2 forcing?, Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1029/2011GL046713
 
Devaraju, N., L. Cao, , G. Bala, K. Caldeira, and R. Nemani (2011), A model investigation of vegetation-atmosphere interactions on a millennial timescale, Biogeosciences ,doi:10.5194/bg-8-3677-2011
 
Gopalakrishnan R., G. Bala, M. Jayaraman, L. Cao, R. Nemani and N.H. Ravindranath (2011), Sensitivity of terrestrial water and energy budgets to CO2-physiological forcing: an investigation using an offline land model, Environmental Research Letters doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/044013
 
George A Ban-Weiss, Govindasamy Bala, L. Cao, J. Pongratz and K. Caldeira (2011)Climate forcing and response to idealized changes in surface latent and sensible heat, Environmental Research Letters,  6 034032 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034032 (3.049)
 
Ban-Weiss, George A., L. Cao, G. Bala, K. Caldeira (2011), Dependence of climate forcing and response on the altitude of black carbon aerosols, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1052-y
 
 Kenneth R. N. Anthony, J. Maynard, G. Diaz-Pulido, P.J. Mumby, P.A. Marshall, L. Cao, and O. Hoegh-Guldberg (2011), Ocean acidification and warming will lower coral reef resilience, Global Change Biology,   DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02364.x 
 
Year 2010
 
Cao, L., G. Bala, K. Caldeira, R. Nemani, and G. Ban-Weiss (2010), Importance of carbon dioxide physiological forcing to future climate change, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi 10.1073/pnas.0913000107
 
Cao, L., and K. Caldeira (2010), Can ocean iron fertilization mitigate ocean acidification? Climatic Change doi: 10.1007/s10584-010-9799-4 
Cao, L. and K. Caldeira (2010), Atmospheric carbon dioxide removal: long-term consequences and commitment, Environmental Research Letters, 5, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/024011.
Ray G. Anderson, Josep G. Canadell, James T. Randerson, Robert B. Jackson, Bruce A. Hungate, Dennis D. Baldocchi, George Ban-Weiss, L. Cao, Noah S. Diffenbaugh, Kevin R. Gurney, Beverly E. Law, Sebastiaan Luyssaert (2010), Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, doi:10.1890/090179.  
 
Bala, G., K. Caldeira, R. Nemani, L. Cao, G. Ban-Weiss, and S. Ho-Jeong (2010)Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: impacts on the hydrological cycle,Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0868-1  
 
Year 2009
 
Cao, L., G. Bala, R. Nemani, K. Caldeira and G. Ban-Weiss (2009), Climate response to physiological forcing of carbon dioxide simulated by the coupled Community Atmosphere Model (CAM3.1) and Community Land Model (CLM3.0), Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L10402, doi:10.1029/2009GL037724.   
 
Cao, L., M. Eby, A. Ridgwell, K. Caldeira, D. Archer, A. Ishida, F. Joos, K.Matsumoto, U. Mikolajewicz, A. Mouchet, J. C. Orr, G.-K. Plattner, R. Schlitzer, K. Tokos, I. Totterdell, T. Tschumi, Y. Yamanaka, and A. Yool (2009), The role of ocean transport in the uptake of anthropogenic CO2, Biogeosciences, 6, 375-390.  
Silverman, J., B. Lazar, L. Cao, K. Caldeira, and J. Erez (2009), Coral reefs may start dissolving when atmospheric CO2 doubles, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L05606, doi:10.1029/2008GL036282.  
 
Matthews, D.  L. Cao and K. Caldeira (2009), Sensitivity of ocean acidification to geoengineered climate stabilization, Geophysical. Research Letters, L10706, doi:10.1029/2009GL037488.    
 
Archer D., M. Eby, V. Brovkin, A. Ridgwell, L. Cao. U Mikolajewicz­, K. Caldeira, K. Matsumoto,  G. Munhoven­, A. Montenegro, and K. Tokos (2009), ­Atmospheric lifetime of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide, Annual review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 37, 117-34.
 
 
Year 2008
 
Cao L. and K. Caldeira, Atmospheric CO2 stabilization and ocean acidification, (2008), Geophysical. Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2008GL035072.   
Cao L. and A. K. Jain, Learning about the ocean carbon cycle from observational constraints and model simulations of multiple tracers (2008), Climatic change, doi 10.1007/s10584-008-9421-1.  
 
Before 2008
 
Caldeira K, D. Archer, J.P. Barry, R.G.J. Bellerby, P.G. Brewer, L. Cao , A.G. Dickson, S.C. Doney, H. Elderfield, V.J. Fabry, R.A. Feely, J-P Gattuso, P.M. Haugan, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, A.K. Jain, J.A. Kleypas, C. Langdon, J.C. Orr, A. Ridgwell, C.L. Sabine, B.A. Seibel, Y. Shirayama, C. Turley, A. J. Watson, R.E. Zeebe (2007), Comment on “Modern-age buildup of CO2 and its effects on seawater acidity and salinity”, Geophysical. Research. Letters,     34, L18608, doi:10.1029/2006GL027288.
 
Cao L., K. Caldeira K., and A.K. Jain (2007), Effects of carbon dioxide and climate change on ocean acidification and carbonate mineral saturation, Geophysical Research Letters,34, L05607, doi:10.1029/2006GL028605.  
 
Cao, L., and A. K. Jain (2005), An earth system model of intermediate complexity: simulation of the role of ocean mixing parameterizations and climate change in estimated uptake for natural and bomb radiocarbon and anthropogenic CO2, Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans), 110, C09002
 
Jain, A. K., and L. Cao (2005), Assessing the effectiveness of direct injection for ocean carbon sequestration under the influence of climate change,Geophysical Research Letters,   32, L09609, doi:10.1029/2005GL022818.  
 
Mueller K. L. Cao, K Caldeira, and A. K. Jain (2004), Differing methods of accounting ocean carbon sequestration efficiency, Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans), 109, C12018, doi: 10.1029/2003JC002252